Identification of metastasis-specific mirna and hypomethylation signatures in human colorectal cancer

Identification d'arnmi specifiques a des metastases et signatures d'hypomethylation dans le cancer colorectal humain

Abstract

The present invention includes methods and biomarkers for diagnosing or detecting colorectal cancer metastasis in a human subject by comparing the Alu repeat methylation level in the biological sample to an Alu repeat methylation control level from a normal non-cancerous sample from the human subject, wherein a decrease in the Alu repeat methylation level is indicative of colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer metastasis. The invention also includes methods and biomarkers for diagnosing or detecting colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis in a human subject by determining a level of expression of let-7i, miR-10b, miR-320a, and miR-221 in the sample from the one or more biological samples; and comparing the level of expression of let-7i, miR-10b, miR-320a, and miR-221 in the sample with the level of expression of let-7i, miR-10b, miR-320a, and miR-221 from normal colorectal tissue, wherein high expression of at least on of let-7i or miR-320a is indicative of a good prognosis for the CRC, while the low expression of at least one of miR-10b or miR-221 is indicative of a good prognosis for the CRC or CRC metastasis.

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